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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 354 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 354 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access  
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 11)

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Journal Cover Annals of Thoracic Medicine
  [SJR: 0.388]   [H-I: 19]   [4 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1817-1737
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [354 journals]
  • Saudi lung cancer management guidelines 2017: Improving lung cancer care
           in Saudi region

    • Authors: Christian Rolfo, Christoph C Zielinski
      Pages: 219 - 220
      Abstract: Christian Rolfo, Christoph C Zielinski
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(4):219-220

      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(4):219-220
      PubDate: Tue,10 Oct 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_225_17
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Saudi lung cancer management guidelines 2017

    • Authors: AR Jazieh on Behalf of Saudi Lung Cancer Guidelines Association - Saudi Lung Cancer Guidelines Members, Abdul Rahman Jazieh, Khaled Al Kattan, Ahmed Bamousa, Ashwaq Al Olayan, Ahmed Abdelwarith, Jawaher Ansari, Abdullah Al Twairqi, Turki Al Fayea, Khalid Al Saleh, Hamed Al Husaini, Nafisa Abdelhafiez, Mervat Mahrous, Medhat Faris, Ameen Al Omair, Adnan Hebshi, Salem Al Shehri, Foad Al Dayel, Hanaa Bamefleh, Walid Khalbuss, Sarah Al Ghanem, Shukri Loutfi, Azzam Khankan, Meshael Al Rujaib, Majed Al Ghamdi, Nagwa Ibrahim, Abdulmonem Swied, Mohammad Al Kayait, Marie Datario
      Pages: 221 - 246
      Abstract: AR Jazieh on Behalf of Saudi Lung Cancer Guidelines Association - Saudi Lung Cancer Guidelines Members , Abdul Rahman Jazieh, Khaled Al Kattan, Ahmed Bamousa, Ashwaq Al Olayan, Ahmed Abdelwarith, Jawaher Ansari, Abdullah Al Twairqi, Turki Al Fayea, Khalid Al Saleh, Hamed Al Husaini, Nafisa Abdelhafiez, Mervat Mahrous, Medhat Faris, Ameen Al Omair, Adnan Hebshi, Salem Al Shehri, Foad Al Dayel, Hanaa Bamefleh, Walid Khalbuss, Sarah Al Ghanem, Shukri Loutfi, Azzam Khankan, Meshael Al Rujaib, Majed Al Ghamdi, Nagwa Ibrahim, Abdulmonem Swied, Mohammad Al Kayait, Marie Datario
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(4):221-246
      Background: Lung cancer management is getting more complex due to the rapid advances in all aspects of diagnostic and therapeutic options. Developing guidelines is critical to help practitioners provide standard of care.Methods: The Saudi Lung Cancer Guidelines Committee (SLCGC) multidisciplinary members from different specialties and from various regions and healthcare sectors of the country reviewed and updated all lung cancer guidelines with appropriate labeling of level of evidence. Supporting documents to help healthcare professionals were developed.Results: Detailed lung cancer management guidelines were finalized with appropriate resources for systemic therapy and short reviews highlighting important issues. Stage based disease management recommendation were included. A summary explanation for complex topics were included in addition to tables of approved systemic therapy.Conclusion: A multidisciplinary lung cancer guidelines was developed and will be disseminated across the country.
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(4):221-246
      PubDate: Tue,10 Oct 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_92_17
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Sleep disturbances and memory impairment among pregnant women consuming
           khat: An under-recognized problem

    • Authors: Md. Dilshad Manzar, Mohammed Salahuddin, Peter Sony, Tarekegn Tesfaye Maru, Seithikurippu R Pandi-Perumal, Adam Moscovitch, Ahmed S Bahammam
      Pages: 247 - 251
      Abstract: Md. Dilshad Manzar, Mohammed Salahuddin, Peter Sony, Tarekegn Tesfaye Maru, Seithikurippu R Pandi-Perumal, Adam Moscovitch, Ahmed S Bahammam
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(4):247-251
      Khat (Catha edulis) is a evergreen flowering shrub that is cultivated at high altitudes, especially in East Africa and the southwest of the Arabian Peninsula. The plant contains alkaloids, of which cathinone and cathine have structural similarity and pharmacological action similar to amphetamines. The leaves are, therefore, consumed in some regions as a psychoactive stimulant due to cultural beliefs and misperceptions on the health benefits of khat consumption. This resulted in a growing prevalence of khat consumption among pregnant women. The myriad of physiological changes associated with pregnancy impairs sleep and memory. Moreover, khat has also been shown to have adverse effects on memory and sleep. Therefore, its use during pregnancy may further aggravate those impairments. The purpose of this mini-review is to summarize the changes in sleep and memory during pregnancy and the evidence supporting a relationship between khat consumption and neurocognitive deficits and sleep dysfunctions. The misperceptions of beneficial effects of khat, the high prevalence of consumption among pregnant women, and the possibility of under-reporting of khat abuse do necessitate the development of alternative methodologies to identify cases of unreported khat abuse in pregnant women. It is proposed that screening for sleep problems and memory deficits may help identify under-reported cases of khat abuse in pregnant women.
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(4):247-251
      PubDate: Tue,10 Oct 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_24_17
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Analysis of predictive parameters for the development of radiation-induced
           pneumonitis

    • Authors: Toru Yamagishi, Norio Kodaka, Yoshiyuki Kurose, Kayo Watanabe, Chihiro Nakano, Kumiko Kishimoto, Takeshi Oshio, Kumiko Niitsuma, Hiroto Matsuse
      Pages: 252 - 258
      Abstract: Toru Yamagishi, Norio Kodaka, Yoshiyuki Kurose, Kayo Watanabe, Chihiro Nakano, Kumiko Kishimoto, Takeshi Oshio, Kumiko Niitsuma, Hiroto Matsuse
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(4):252-258
      Introduction: Prevention and effective treatment of radiation-induced pneumonitis (RP) could facilitate greater use of radiation therapy (RT) for lung cancer. The purpose of this study was to determine clinical parameters useful for early prediction of RP.Methods: Blood sampling, pulmonary function testing, chest computed tomography, and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) were performed in patients with pathologically confirmed lung cancer who had completed ≥60 Gy of RT, at baseline, shortly after RT, and at 1 month posttreatment.Results: By 3 months post-RT, 11 patients developed RP (RP group) and the remaining 11 patients did not (NRP group). RT significantly increased total cell counts and alveolar macrophages in BAL of the NRP group, whereas lymphocyte count was increased in both groups. Matrix metallopeptidase-9 (MMP-9) increased and vascular endothelial growth factor decreased significantly in the BAL fluid (BALF) of the RP group following RT. Serum surfactant protein D (SP-D) increased significantly in the NRP group. SP-D in BALF from the RP group increased significantly with a subsequent increase in serum SP-D. Pulmonary dilution decreased similarly in both groups of patients.Conclusions: Increased SP-D in BALF, rather than that in serum, could be useful biomarkers in predicting RP. The MMP-9 in BALF might play a role in the pathogenesis of RP. Pulmonary dilution test may not be predictive of the development of RP.
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(4):252-258
      PubDate: Tue,10 Oct 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_355_16
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Characteristics and predictors of mortality of patients with hematologic
           malignancies requiring invasive mechanical ventilation

    • Authors: Hasan M Al-Dorzi, Haya Al Orainni, Faten Al Eid, Haytham Tlayjeh, Abedalrahman Itani, Ayman Al Hejazi, Yaseen M Arabi
      Pages: 259 - 265
      Abstract: Hasan M Al-Dorzi, Haya Al Orainni, Faten Al Eid, Haytham Tlayjeh, Abedalrahman Itani, Ayman Al Hejazi, Yaseen M Arabi
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(4):259-265
      Rationale: Acute respiratory failure (ARF) may complicate the course of hematologic malignancies (HMs). Our objective was to study the characteristics, outcomes and predictors of mortality of patients with HMs who required intubation for ARF.Methods: This retrospective cohort study evaluated all patients with HMs who were admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of King Abdul-Aziz Medical City-Riyadh between 2008 and 2013 and required invasive mechanical ventilation. We noted their baseline characteristics, treatments and different outcomes. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate predictors of hospital mortality.Results: During the 6-year period, 190 patients with HMs were admitted to the ICU and 122 (64.2%) required intubation for ARF. These patients had mean age of 57.2 ± 19.3 years and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score of 28.0 ± 7.8 and were predominantly males (63.4%). Lymphoma (44.3%) and acute leukemia (38.5%) were the most common hematologic malignancy. Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) was tried in 22 patients (18.0%) but failed. The code status was changed to “Do-Not-Resuscitate” for 39 patients (32.0%) during ICU stay. Hospital mortality was 70.5% and most deaths (81.4%) occurred in the ICU. The mortality of patients with “Do-Not-Resuscitate” status was 97.4%. On multivariable logistic regression analysis, male gender (odds ratio (OR), 6.74; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.24–20.30), septic shock (OR, 6.61; 95% CI, 1.93–22.66) were independent mortality predictors. Remission status, non-NIV failure and chemotherapy during ICU stay were not associated with mortality.Conclusions: Patients with HMs requiring intubation had high mortality (70.5%). Male gender and presence of septic shock were independent predictors of mortality.
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(4):259-265
      PubDate: Tue,10 Oct 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_21_17
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Pleuropulmonary manifestation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis in
           Saudi Arabia

    • Authors: Omer S. B. Alamoudi, Suzan Mansour Attar
      Pages: 266 - 271
      Abstract: Omer S. B. Alamoudi, Suzan Mansour Attar
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(4):266-271
      Background and Objectives: Pleuropulmonary (PP) involvement in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Nevertheless, limited data are available regarding lung complications in the Middle East, especially in Saudi Arabia. The objectives of the current study were to determine the prevalence of PP manifestations and to identify the associated risk factors.Methods: This was a retrospective study involving 419 patients diagnosed at a tertiary center over a 12.5-year period. The frequency of pulmonary manifestations was recorded based on combined results from chest X-rays, pulmonary function tests, and high-resolution computed tomography scan of the chest.Results: The overall frequency of lung involvement was 25.8%. Pneumonia, bronchiectasis, and interstitial lung disease were the most common abnormalities (36%, 35%, and 23%, respectively). The presence of comorbid illness (odds ratio [OR]: 3.19; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.02–5.1), male gender (OR: 2.4; 95% CI: 1.3–4.24), and the presence of extra-articular manifestations of RA (ExRA) (OR: 2.35; 95% CI: 0.4–4.01) were predictive of lung involvement.Conclusions: Pneumonia, bronchiectasis, and interstitial lung disease were the most common abnormalities seen in RA patients. The presence of comorbidity, male gender, and ExRA was significantly associated with lung involvement.
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(4):266-271
      PubDate: Tue,10 Oct 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_392_16
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Coronary flow reserve is impaired in patients with obstructive sleep apnea

    • Authors: Serife Savas Bozbas, Serpil Eroglu, Berna Akinci Ozyurek, Fusun Oner Eyuboglu
      Pages: 272 - 277
      Abstract: Serife Savas Bozbas, Serpil Eroglu, Berna Akinci Ozyurek, Fusun Oner Eyuboglu
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(4):272-277
      Study Objectives: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is common in adult populations. Accumulating data indicate that it is independently associated with a variety of cardiovascular diseases and has prognostic importance in affected cases. In this study, we aimed to evaluate coronary flow reserve (CFR) in patients with OSA and controls.Methods: Sixty-one patients undergoing an overnight polysomnography were enrolled in this study. Patients with an apnea–hypopnea index (AHI) >5 were accepted as OSA group (n = 45) and those with an AHI <5 were taken as controls (n = 16). Using Doppler echocardiography at baseline and following dipyridamole infusion, coronary peak flow velocities were obtained. CFR was calculated as the ratio of peak diastolic flow to baseline diastolic flow. A CFR value <2 was accepted as impaired coronary microvascular function.Results: The mean age was 50.8 ± 10.8 years, of which 16 (26.2%) were female. Both groups had similar features with regard to demographic and clinical variables. The mean value of CFR was significantly lower in patients with OSA compared to those controls (2.24 ± 0.46 vs. 2.74 ± 0.62, respectively, P = 0.001). An abnormal CFR value was observed in 12 (26.7%) patients with OSA and in 1 (6.3%) participant in control group.Conclusions: The findings of this study indicate that CFR, an indicator of coronary microvascular function, is significantly impaired in patients with OSA. Coronary microvascular function, an early sign of atherosclerosis, can be evaluated noninvasively in these patients might be used as a predictor of cardiovascular risk.
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(4):272-277
      PubDate: Tue,10 Oct 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_195_16
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Lung granuloma: A clinicopathologic study of 158 cases

    • Authors: Abdullah Al-Harbi, Salman Al-Otaibi, Abdelmonim Abdulrahman, Fares Al-Jahdali, Fahad Al-Harbi, Hana Bamefleh, Majed Gamdi, Hamdan Al-Jahdali
      Pages: 278 - 281
      Abstract: Abdullah Al-Harbi, Salman Al-Otaibi, Abdelmonim Abdulrahman, Fares Al-Jahdali, Fahad Al-Harbi, Hana Bamefleh, Majed Gamdi, Hamdan Al-Jahdali
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(4):278-281
      Background and Aims: A granuloma is a common pathological diagnosis in lung biopsies and is caused by a variety of etiologies. The aim of this study was to assess the etiology and frequency of different cases of lung granulomas.Methods: The medical records of all patients who had lung granulomas between 2005 and 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. Based on the histological features of the granulomas, along with the clinical, laboratory, and radiological findings, an attempt was made to identify the etiology of the granuloma in each case.Results: A total of 158 patients with lung biopsy specimens showing lung granulomas were identified. The histological findings revealed necrotizing granulomas in 92 (58%) of the cases and nonnecrotizing granulomas in 66 (42%). A definite etiology was determined in 133 cases (84%), whereas in 26 cases (16%), the etiology could not be identified despite an extensive workup. Infection was the most frequent cause of granuloma, accounting for 105 cases (66%). Mycobacterial tuberculosis (TB) was the type of infection that caused the largest number of granulomas, and was responsible for 100 cases (63%). Among the noninfectious etiologies of lung granuloma, sarcoidosis was the most common cause, accounting for 20 (13%) of the cases.Conclusions: Mycobacterial TB and sarcoidosis are the most common causes of lung granulomas in our region. In a substantial proportion of cases, the cause may not be identified despite an extensive workup.
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(4):278-281
      PubDate: Tue,10 Oct 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_1_17
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Thromboprophylaxis and mortality among patients who developed venous
           thromboembolism in seven major hospitals in Saudi Arabia

    • Authors: Fahad M Al-Hameed, Hasan M Al-Dorzi, Abdulelah I Qadhi, Amira Shaker, Farjah H Al-Gahtani, Fawzi F Al-Jassir, Galila F Zahir, Tarig S Al-Khuwaitir, Mohammed H Addar, Mohamed S Al-Hajjaj, Mohamed A Abdelaal, Essam Y Aboelnazar
      Pages: 282 - 289
      Abstract: Fahad M Al-Hameed, Hasan M Al-Dorzi, Abdulelah I Qadhi, Amira Shaker, Farjah H Al-Gahtani, Fawzi F Al-Jassir, Galila F Zahir, Tarig S Al-Khuwaitir, Mohammed H Addar, Mohamed S Al-Hajjaj, Mohamed A Abdelaal, Essam Y Aboelnazar
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(4):282-289
      Introduction: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) during hospitalization is a serious and potentially fatal condition. Despite its effectiveness, evidence-based thromboprophylaxis is still underutilized in many countries including Saudi Arabia.Objective of the Study: Our objectives were to determine how often hospital-acquired VTE patients received appropriate thromboprophylaxis, VTE-associated mortality, and the percentage of patients given anticoagulant therapy and adherence to it after discharged.Methods: This study was conducted in seven major hospitals in Saudi Arabia. From July 1, 2009, till June 30, 2010, all recorded deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) cases were noted. Only patients with confirmed VTE diagnosis were included in the analysis.Results: A total of 1241 confirmed VTE cases occurred during the 12-month period. Most (58.3%) of them were DVT only, 21.7% were PE, and 20% were both DVT and PE. 21.4% and 78.6% of confirmed VTE occurred in surgical and medical patients, respectively. Only 40.9% of VTE cases received appropriate prophylaxis (63.2% for surgical patients and 34.8% for medical patients; P < 0.001). The mortality rate was 14.3% which represented 1.6% of total hospital deaths. Mortality was 13.5% for surgical patients and 14.5% for medical patients (P > 0.05). Appropriate thromboprophylaxis was associated with 4.11% absolute risk reduction in mortality (95% confidence interval: 0.24%–7.97%). Most (89.4%) of the survived patients received anticoagulation therapy at discharge and 71.7% of them were adherent to it on follow-up.Conclusion: Thromboprophylaxis was underutilized in major Saudi hospitals denoting a gap between guideline and practice. This gap was more marked in medical than surgical patients. Hospital-acquired VTE was associated with significant mortality. Efforts to improve thromboprophylaxis utilization are warranted.
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(4):282-289
      PubDate: Tue,10 Oct 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_101_17
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • A novel cystic fibrosis gene mutation c.2490insT in a Palestinian patient:
           A case report and review of the literature

    • Authors: Hassan Chami, Samer Abou Arbid, Rebecca Badra, Chantal Farra
      Pages: 290 - 293
      Abstract: Hassan Chami, Samer Abou Arbid, Rebecca Badra, Chantal Farra
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(4):290-293
      We report the case of a 19-year-old male patient of Palestinian descent, who presented with a 1-year history of recurrent Pseudomonas aeruginosa respiratory infections, weight loss, chronic diarrhea, and a normal chloride sweat test. A panel for common cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene mutations test was also negative. Cystic fibrosis (CF) was still clinically suspected thus, full CFTR gene sequencing was performed, which revealed a homozygous unreported mutation c.2490insT (GenBank accession number: BankIt2019289 seq1 MF167456). Both parents were also found to be heterozygous for this mutation. This case highlights the importance of clinical evaluation and the need for extensive genetic investigation when dealing with a genetic disease with wide variability in a clinical presentation such as CF.
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(4):290-293
      PubDate: Tue,10 Oct 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_76_17
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Rituximab treatment in patients with systemic sclerosis and interstitial
           lung disease

    • Authors: Abdel Gaffar A Mohammed, Ammar Alshihre, Ibrahim Abdulrazag Al-Homood
      Pages: 294 - 297
      Abstract: Abdel Gaffar A Mohammed, Ammar Alshihre, Ibrahim Abdulrazag Al-Homood
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(4):294-297
      There is increasing interest in rituximab (RTX) as an alternative to cyclophosphamide for the treatment of interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) associated with systemic sclerosis (SSc). However, no report has addressed its efficacy in Saudi patients with SSc-ILD. To assess the efficacy of RTX treatment in Saudi patients with SSc-ILD, hospital records were reviewed between 2013 and 2016. Four female patients received at least 4 cycles of RTX (I cycle, consisting of two infusions of 1000 mg 2 weeks apart). Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) and chest high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) were performed before and after treatment to assess the response. HRCT revealed improvement in one patient, stable disease in two patients, and worsening in one patient. Moreover, RTX prevented the further decline of forced vital capacity significantly in PFT. These results provide further evidence that RTX is an effective treatment for SSc-ILD.
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(4):294-297
      PubDate: Tue,10 Oct 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_30_17
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 4 (2017)
       
 
 
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