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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 356 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 356 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access  
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access  
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access  
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access  
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access  
Heart India     Open Access  
Heart Views     Open Access  
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access  
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 8)

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Journal Cover Annals of Thoracic Medicine
  [SJR: 0.388]   [H-I: 19]   [4 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1817-1737
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [356 journals]
  • A review of imaging modalities in pulmonary hypertension

    • Authors: Mona Ascha, Rahul D Renapurkar, Adriano R Tonelli
      Pages: 61 - 73
      Abstract: Mona Ascha, Rahul D Renapurkar, Adriano R Tonelli
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(2):61-73
      Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is defined as resting mean pulmonary artery pressure ≥25 mmHg measured by right heart catheterization. PH is a progressive, life-threatening disease with a variety of etiologies. Swift and accurate diagnosis of PH and appropriate classification in etiologic group will allow for earlier treatment and improved outcomes. A number of imaging tools are utilized in the evaluation of PH, such as chest X-ray, computed tomography (CT), ventilation/perfusion (V/Q) scan, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Newer imaging tools such as dual-energy CT and single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography V/Q scanning have also emerged; however, their place in the diagnostic evaluation of PH remains to be determined. In general, each imaging technique provides incremental information, with varying degrees of sensitivity and specificity, which helps suspect the presence and identify the etiology of PH. The present study aims to provide a comprehensive review of the utility, advantages, and shortcomings of the imaging modalities that may be used to evaluate patients with PH.
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(2):61-73
      PubDate: Tue,4 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/1817-1737.203742
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis in patients with cystic fibrosis

    • Authors: Ibrahim Ahmed Janahi, Abdul Rehman, Amal Rashid Al-Naimi
      Pages: 74 - 82
      Abstract: Ibrahim Ahmed Janahi, Abdul Rehman, Amal Rashid Al-Naimi
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(2):74-82
      Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is a pulmonary disorder that often occurs in patients with asthma or cystic fibrosis (CF) and is characterized by a hypersensitivity response to the allergens of the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus. In patients with CF, growth of A. fumigatus hyphae within the bronchial lumen triggers an immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated hypersensitivity response that results in airway inflammation, bronchospasm, and bronchiectasis. In most published studies, the prevalence of ABPA is about 8.9% in patients with CF. Since the clinical features of this condition overlap significantly with that of CF, ABPA is challenging to diagnose and remains underdiagnosed in many patients. Diagnosis of ABPA in CF patients should be sought in those with evidence of clinical and radiologic deterioration that is not attributable to another etiology, a markedly elevated total serum IgE level (while off steroid therapy) and evidence of A. fumigatus sensitization. Management of ABPA involves the use of systemic steroids to reduce inflammation and modulate the immune response. In patients who do not respond to steroids or cannot tolerate them, antifungal agents should be used to reduce the burden of A. fumigatus allergens. Recent studies suggest that omalizumab may be an effective option to reduce the frequency of ABPA exacerbations in patients with CF. Further randomized controlled trials are needed to better establish the efficacy of omalizumab in managing patients with CF and ABPA.
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(2):74-82
      PubDate: Tue,4 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_231_16
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Clinical and quality of life outcomes following anatomical lung resection
           for lung cancer in high-risk patients

    • Authors: Henrietta Wilson, David Gammon, Tom Routledge, Karen Harrison-Phipps
      Pages: 83 - 87
      Abstract: Henrietta Wilson, David Gammon, Tom Routledge, Karen Harrison-Phipps
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(2):83-87
      Background: Surgery remains the gold standard for patients with resectable nonsmall cell lung cancer. Current guidance identifies patients with poor pulmonary reserve to fall within a high-risk cohort. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical and quality of life outcomes of anatomical lung resection in patients deemed high risk based on pulmonary function measurements.Methods: A retrospective review of patients undergoing anatomical lung resection for nonsmall cell lung cancer between January 2013 and January 2015 was performed. All patients with limited pulmonary reserve defined as predicted postoperative forced expiratory volume in 1 s or transfer factor of the lung for carbon monoxide of <40% were included in the study. Postoperative complications, admission to the Intensive Care Unit, length of stay, and 30-day in-hospital mortality were recorded. The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer quality of life questionnaire lung cancer 13 questionnaire was used to assess quality of life outcomes.Results: Fifty-three patients met the inclusion criteria. There was no in-hospital mortality, and 30-day mortality was 1.8%. No complications were seen in 64% (n = 34), minor complications occurred in 26% (n = 14), while 9% had a major complication (n = 5). Quality of life outcomes were above the reference results for patients with early stage lung cancer.Conclusion: Anatomical lung resection can be performed safely in selected high-risk patients based on pulmonary function without significant increase in morbidity or mortality and with acceptable quality of life outcomes. Given that complications following lung resection are multifactorial, fitness for surgery should be thoroughly assessed in all patients with resectable disease within a multidisciplinary setting. High operative risk by pulmonary function tests alone should not preclude surgical resection.
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(2):83-87
      PubDate: Tue,4 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_385_16
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Prevalence and risk factors of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in a Saudi
           Arabian population

    • Authors: Siraj Omar Wali, Bahaa Abalkhail, Ayman Krayem
      Pages: 88 - 94
      Abstract: Siraj Omar Wali, Bahaa Abalkhail, Ayman Krayem
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(2):88-94
      Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disorder worldwide; however, epidemiological studies on its prevalence lack in Saudi Arabia. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors of OSA in Saudi Arabia.Methods: The study was performed from 2013 to 2015 in two stages. The screening stage was first; a random sample of Saudi employees (n = 2682) 30–60 years of age completed a survey that included the Wisconsin questionnaire. According to these data, the subjects were categorized as habitual, moderate, or nonsnorers (NSs). The confirmatory second stage was a case–control study conducted on 346 individuals selected from each group using polysomnography (PSG).Results: In the first stage, the prevalence of habitual snoring was 23.5%, moderate snoring was16.6%, while 59.9% of the sample was NSs. Among the 346 individuals who underwent PSG, a total of 235 (67.9%) subjects had OSA with an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) of ≥5; 76 (22.0%) had OSA syndrome (OSAS), defined by an AHI of ≥5 plus daytime sleepiness; and 227 (65.6%) had clinically diagnosed OSA syndrome (COSAS), as defined by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. A conservative estimate of at least 8.8% (12.8% in men and 5.1% in women) was calculated for the overall prevalence of OSA. Similarly, the overall estimated prevalence of OSAS and COSAS was 2.8% (4.0% in men and 1.8% in women) and 8.5% (12.4% in men and 4.8% in women), respectively. A multivariate analysis revealed age, gender, obesity, and hypertension as independent risk factors of OSA.Conclusions: Our study demonstrated that the rate and risk factors of OSA in the Saudi population are similar to those observed in Western studies.
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(2):88-94
      PubDate: Tue,4 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/1817-1737.203746
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Systematic analysis of measurement variability in lung cancer with
           multidetector computed tomography

    • Authors: Binghu Jiang, Dan Zhou, Yujie Sun, Jichen Wang
      Pages: 95 - 100
      Abstract: Binghu Jiang, Dan Zhou, Yujie Sun, Jichen Wang
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(2):95-100
      Objective: To systematically analyze the nature of measurement variability in lung cancer with multidetector computed tomography (CT) scans.Methods: Multidetector CT scans of 67 lung cancer patients were analyzed. Unidimensional (Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumor criteria), bidimensional (World Health Organization criteria), and volumetric measurements were performed independently by ten radiologists and were repeated after at least 5 months. Repeatability and reproducibility measurement variations were estimated by analyzing reliability, agreement, variation coefficient, and misclassification statistically. The relationship of measurement variability with various sources was also analyzed.Results: Analyses of 69 lung tumors with an average size of 1.1–12.1 cm (mean 4.3 cm) indicated that volumetric technique had the minimum measurement variability compared to the unidimensional or bidimensional technique. Tumor characteristics (object effect) could be the primary factor to influence measurement variability while the effect of raters (subjective effect) was faint. Segmentation and size in tumor characteristics were associated with measurement variability, and some mathematical function was established between the volumetric variability and tumor size.Conclusion: Volumetric technique has the minimum variability in measuring lung cancer, and measurement variability is associated with tumor size by nonlinear mathematical function.
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(2):95-100
      PubDate: Tue,4 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/1817-1737.203750
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • A study of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-specific causes of
           osteoporosis with emphasis on the emphysema phenotype

    • Authors: Mona Ali Fouda, Esam Hamad Alhamad, Mohammed Saleh Al-Hajjaj, Shaffi Ahmed Shaik, Ahmad Amer Alboukai, Feisal Abdulla Al-Kassimi
      Pages: 101 - 106
      Abstract: Mona Ali Fouda, Esam Hamad Alhamad, Mohammed Saleh Al-Hajjaj, Shaffi Ahmed Shaik, Ahmad Amer Alboukai, Feisal Abdulla Al-Kassimi
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(2):101-106
      Background: Osteoporosis, the most common extra-pulmonary complication of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), may be related to general causes or COPD-specific causes such as low forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) and hypoxia. A few studies reported that emphysema is an independent risk factor for osteoporosis. However, other workers considered the association to be confounded by low FEV1 and low body mass index (BMI) which cluster with emphysema.Aims: To study the association between osteoporosis and emphysema in a model that includes these potentially confounding factors.Methods: We studied prospectively 52 COPD patients with both high resolution computed tomography and carbon monoxide diffusion coefficient as diagnostic markers of emphysema. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to measure the bone mass density (BMD) of lumbar vertebrae and neck of the femur. Vertebral fractures were evaluated using the Genant semiquantitative score. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to identify the following independent variables: age, BMI, FEV1% predicted, PaO2, emphysema score, C-reactive protein (CRP), and dyspnea score as related to BMD. P ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant.Results: There was no significant difference in the serum Vitamin D levels, vertebral fracture score, or BMD between the emphysematous and nonemphysematous patients. Multivariate analysis showed that (in a model including age, BMI, FEV1, PaO2, emphysema score, CRP, and dyspnea score) only reduced BMI, FEV1, and PaO2were independent risk factors for low BMD.Conclusions: The emphysematous phenotype is not a risk factor for osteoporosis independently of BMI, FEV1, and PaO2.
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(2):101-106
      PubDate: Tue,4 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_357_16
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Vitamin D deficiency and interleukin-17 relationship in severe obstructive
           sleep apnea–hypopnea syndrome

    • Authors: Sonia Toujani, Wajih Kaabachi, Meriem Mjid, Kamel Hamzaoui, Jouda Cherif, Majed Beji
      Pages: 107 - 113
      Abstract: Sonia Toujani, Wajih Kaabachi, Meriem Mjid, Kamel Hamzaoui, Jouda Cherif, Majed Beji
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(2):107-113
      Purpose: We aimed to assess Vitamin D (VD) abnormalities in patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea–hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS), to study its association with clinical and polygraphic data, and to correlate VD levels with interleukin-17 (IL-17).Methods: Ninety-two patients with severe OSAHS were consecutively enrolled between September 2014 and February 2016 and compared to age-, sex-, and body mass index (BMI)-matched controls. Anthropometric parameters and medical history were collected. The serum levels of VD and IL-17 were determined by radioimmunoassay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively.Results: Ninety-two severe OSAHS patients and thirty controls were enrolled in the study. All OSAHS patients had VD deficiency. The mean level of VD was at 7.9 ng/ml among OSAHS group versus 16.8 ng/ml among control group. IL-17A levels were elevated (20.3 pg/ml) in OSAHS group compared to healthy group (10.05 pg/ml). VD levels were negatively correlated with nocturia severity (r = −0.26; P = 0.01) and positively correlated with mean O2saturation (r = 0.59; P = 0.02) and lowest O2saturation (r = 0.3; P = 0.03). IL-17 levels were positively correlated with nocturia severity (r = 0.24; P = 0.03) and negatively correlated with mean O2saturation (r = −0.42; P = 0.03). A significant negative association was observed between IL-7 and VD levels (r = −0.64, P = 0.2 10−4). The magnitude of this correlation was higher for important nocturia, lower MSaO2, or higher BMI.Conclusions: VD deficiency in patients with severe OSAHS is common with a negative association between IL-17 and VD serum levels. Hypoxia could play an important role in this association. Further studies are needed to clarify this relationship.
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(2):107-113
      PubDate: Tue,4 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_301_16
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Endobronchial ultrasound plus fluoroscopy-guided biopsy compared to
           fluoroscopy-guided transbronchial biopsy for obtaining samples of
           peripheral pulmonary lesions: A systematic review and meta-analysis

    • Authors: Jian Ye, Ruifeng Zhang, Shenglin Ma, Limin Wang, Weizhong Jin
      Pages: 114 - 120
      Abstract: Jian Ye, Ruifeng Zhang, Shenglin Ma, Limin Wang, Weizhong Jin
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(2):114-120
      Background: We report a meta-analysis of recent studies comparing the diagnostic yields of endobronchial ultrasonography plus fluoroscopically-guided transbronchial biopsy (EBUS + TBB) with that of conventional fluoroscopically-guided TBB for peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs).Methods: We searched Medline, the Cochrane Library, PubMed, and Google Scholar through 31 March 2013 using the keywords: lung neoplasm, pulmonary lesions, diagnosis, endobronchial ultrasound, fluoroscopy, and fluoroscopic.Results: Four studies were included in the study with a total of 461 patients, 222 in the EBUS + TBB group and 239 in the TBB only group. The meta-analysis revealed that the group with EBUS + TBB was more favored in terms of positive diagnostic yield than the group diagnosed with only conventional TBB (odds ratio [OR] = 2.211, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.422–3.438, P< 0.001). Subgroup analysis based on lesion size found that smaller PPLs had higher accuracy (OR = 4.502, 95% CI = 2.002–10.126, P< 0.001) than PPLs of large size (OR = 1.849, 95% CI = 1.033–3.311, P= 0.039).Conclusion: Obtaining TBB samples for histopathological diagnosis is enhanced by the addition of EBUS to conventional fluoroscopic guidance; this is, especially important for patients with small peripheral lung lesions who benefit greatly from early diagnosis.
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(2):114-120
      PubDate: Tue,4 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_298_16
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Pulmonary actinomycosis mimicking lung cancer on positron emission
           tomography

    • Authors: Hayoung Choi, Hyun Lee, Suk Hyeon Jeong, Sang-Won Um, O Jung Kown, Hojoong Kim
      Pages: 121 - 124
      Abstract: Hayoung Choi, Hyun Lee, Suk Hyeon Jeong, Sang-Won Um, O Jung Kown, Hojoong Kim
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(2):121-124
      Pulmonary actinomycosis frequently mimics lung malignancy on radiologic imaging studies. Positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) is a useful diagnostic modality for differentiating lung malignancy from benign diseases. However, few studies evaluated PET-CT findings of pulmonary actinomycosis. Therefore, it is unclear whether PET-CT is helpful to distinguish lung malignancy from benign lung disease when pulmonary actinomycosis is clinically suspected. We investigated PET-CT findings in 11 patients with pathologically confirmed pulmonary actinomycosis. The median maximal standardized uptake value (SUV) on PET-CT of pulmonary actinomycosis was increased to 5.5 (interquartile range, 4.2–8.8), which was higher than the threshold value of 2.5 indicating malignancy. Pulmonary actinomycosis without central necrosis demonstrated higher maximal SUV of 7.5 (4.9–12.2) compared to 4.8 (3.2–5.6) of ones with central necrosis. PET-CT might be not helpful in differentiating lung malignancy from benign lesions when pulmonary actinomycosis is clinically suspected.
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(2):121-124
      PubDate: Tue,4 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/1817-1737.203752
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Simultaneous presentation of two noninflammatory lung diseases in an
           HIV-infected patient

    • Authors: Rafael Mart&#237;nez-Gir&#243;n, Santiago Mart&#237;nez-Torre
      Pages: 125 - 126
      Abstract: Rafael Martínez-Girón, Santiago Martínez-Torre
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(2):125-126
      The simultaneous presentation of two noninflammatory pulmonary diseases, pulmonary alveolar proteinosis and Kaposi's sarcoma (Ks), in an HIV-infected patient, is described. A 29-year-old black race patient was admitted to the hospital because of general malaise, weight loss, dyspnea, chest pain, and cough with hemoptoic expectoration. Chest X-rays revealed a patchy bilateral alveolar pattern with a tendency toward the formation of condensations. The serological test revealed HIV positivity (CD4 counts of 393 cells/mm3). Because there was no response to the treatment course, a thoracic CT was performed, showing interlobular thickening with intralobular septal lines and ground glass opacities ("crazy-paving” pattern). An open lung biopsy was performed. Histopathological diagnosis of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis and pulmonary Ks was made.
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(2):125-126
      PubDate: Tue,4 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_335_16
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Asthma-like attacks terminated by slow pathway ablation

    • Authors: Selcuk Ozturk, Hasan Turhan, Ertan Yetkin
      Pages: 127 - 128
      Abstract: Selcuk Ozturk, Hasan Turhan, Ertan Yetkin
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(2):127-128
      Asthma is a chronic airway disease in which the pathological mechanisms are reversible airway obstruction, bronchial hyper reactivity, and constriction of the lower airways. Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is a common arrhythmia which originates above the bundle of His and causing heart rates exceeding 150 beats/min. SVT patients present with palpitation, chest pain, chest discomfort, dyspnea, hyperventilation, and lightheadedness, occasionally. Besides, extraordinary presentations of SVT are available in literature. In this report, we describe a case of a patient presenting with treatment-resistant asthma-like attacks lasting for 20 years whom was suspected SVT as an underlying etiology and treated by slow pathway radiofrequency ablation.
      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(2):127-128
      PubDate: Tue,4 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/1817-1737.203739
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Alterations of pulmonary function in patients with inflammatory bowel
           diseases

    • Authors: Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi
      Pages: 129 - 129
      Abstract: Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(2):129-129

      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(2):129-129
      PubDate: Tue,4 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_350_16
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Erratum: Saudi guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary
           hypertension: Pulmonary hypertension due to left heart disease

    • Pages: 130 - 130
      Abstract:
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(2):130-130

      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(2):130-130
      PubDate: Tue,4 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_26_17
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Erratum: Saudi guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary
           hypertension: 2014 updates

    • Pages: 131 - 131
      Abstract:
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(2):131-131

      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(2):131-131
      PubDate: Tue,4 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_27_17
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Erratum: Introducing the comprehensive unit based safety program for
           mechanically ventilated patients in Saudi Arabian intensive care units

    • Pages: 132 - 132
      Abstract:
      Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(2):132-132

      Citation: Annals of Thoracic Medicine 2017 12(2):132-132
      PubDate: Tue,4 Apr 2017
      DOI: 10.4103/atm.ATM_49_17
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2017)
       
 
 
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