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Publisher: Medknow Publishers   (Total: 356 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 356 Journals sorted alphabetically
Advanced Arab Academy of Audio-Vestibulogy J.     Open Access  
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access  
African J. for Infertility and Assisted Conception     Open Access  
African J. of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African J. of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access  
African J. of Paediatric Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.269, h-index: 10)
African J. of Trauma     Open Access  
Ain-Shams J. of Anaesthesiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical J.     Open Access  
Al-Basar Intl. J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Ancient Science of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anesthesia : Essays and Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.331, h-index: 15)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.408, h-index: 15)
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.308, h-index: 14)
Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Nigerian Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.441, h-index: 10)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access   (SJR: 0.24, h-index: 29)
Annals of Thoracic Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.388, h-index: 19)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.148, h-index: 5)
APOS Trends in Orthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab J. of Interventional Radiology     Open Access  
Archives of Intl. Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Pharmacy Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asia Pacific J. of Clinical Trials : Nervous System Diseases     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific J. of Oncology Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian J. of Andrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.879, h-index: 49)
Asian J. of Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian J. of Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian J. of Transfusion Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.362, h-index: 10)
Astrocyte     Open Access  
Avicenna J. of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AYU : An international quarterly journal of research in Ayurveda     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Benha Medical J.     Open Access  
BLDE University J. of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy     Open Access  
Cancer Translational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED J. of Health and Research     Open Access  
Clinical Dermatology Review     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Degenerative Diseases     Open Access  
Clinical Trials in Orthopedic Disorders     Open Access  
Community Acquired Infection     Open Access  
Conservation and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.82, h-index: 12)
Contemporary Clinical Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Current Medical Issues     Open Access  
CytoJ.     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.339, h-index: 19)
Delta J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access  
Dental Hypotheses     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.131, h-index: 4)
Dental Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Dentistry and Medical Research     Open Access  
Digital Medicine     Open Access  
Drug Development and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.205, h-index: 22)
Egyptian J. of Bronchology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Cataract and Refractive Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian J. of Dermatology and Venerology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Haematology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Internal Medicine     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.121, h-index: 3)
Egyptian J. of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Otolaryngology     Open Access  
Egyptian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian J. of Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Orthopaedic J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Pharmaceutical J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Retina J.     Open Access  
Egyptian Rheumatology and Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Endodontology     Open Access  
Endoscopic Ultrasound     Open Access   (SJR: 0.473, h-index: 8)
Environmental Disease     Open Access  
European J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 11)
European J. of General Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European J. of Prosthodontics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European J. of Psychology and Educational Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Fertility Science and Research     Open Access  
Formosan J. of Surgery     Open Access   (SJR: 0.107, h-index: 5)
Genome Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 1.227, h-index: 12)
Global J. of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access  
Heart India     Open Access  
Heart Views     Open Access  
Hepatitis B Annual     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IJS Short Reports     Open Access  
Indian Anaesthetists Forum     Open Access  
Indian Dermatology Online J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Anaesthesia     Open Access   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.302, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Cancer     Open Access   (SJR: 0.318, h-index: 26)
Indian J. of Cerebral Palsy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.618, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.307, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.243, h-index: 24)
Indian J. of Dental Sciences     Open Access  
Indian J. of Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.448, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.563, h-index: 29)
Indian J. of Dermatopathology and Diagnostic Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Drugs in Dermatology     Open Access  
Indian J. of Endocrinology and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian J. of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Medical and Paediatric Oncology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.292, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Medical Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.53, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.716, h-index: 60)
Indian J. of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.207, h-index: 31)
Indian J. of Multidisciplinary Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Nephrology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.233, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Nuclear Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.213, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.203, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Ophthalmology     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.536, h-index: 34)
Indian J. of Oral Health and Research     Open Access  
Indian J. of Oral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Orthopaedics     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.393, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Otology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.218, h-index: 5)
Indian J. of Paediatric Dermatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Pain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian J. of Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.35, h-index: 12)
Indian J. of Pathology and Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.285, h-index: 22)
Indian J. of Pharmacology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.347, h-index: 44)
Indian J. of Plastic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.303, h-index: 13)
Indian J. of Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.496, h-index: 15)
Indian J. of Psychological Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.344, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.444, h-index: 17)
Indian J. of Radiology and Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.253, h-index: 14)
Indian J. of Research in Homoeopathy     Open Access  
Indian J. of Rheumatology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.169, h-index: 7)
Indian J. of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.313, h-index: 9)
Indian J. of Social Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian J. of Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.366, h-index: 16)
Indian J. of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Industrial Psychiatry J.     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Academic Medicine     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Advanced Medical and Health Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Applied and Basic Medical Research     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Clinical and Experimental Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Educational and Psychological Researches     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Environmental Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Forensic Odontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Green Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.229, h-index: 13)
Intl. J. of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intl. J. of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Intl. J. of Mycobacteriology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.239, h-index: 4)
Intl. J. of Noncommunicable Diseases     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Intl. J. of Oral Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Orthodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pedodontic Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Intl. J. of Pharmaceutical Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intl. J. of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.523, h-index: 15)
Intl. J. of Shoulder Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.611, h-index: 9)
Intl. J. of Trichology     Open Access   (SJR: 0.37, h-index: 10)
Intl. J. of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Intl. J. of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iranian J. of Nursing and Midwifery Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iraqi J. of Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Academy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.427, h-index: 15)
J. of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.416, h-index: 14)
J. of Applied Hematology     Open Access  
J. of Association of Chest Physicians     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Basic and Clinical Reproductive Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cancer Research and Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.359, h-index: 21)
J. of Carcinogenesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 1.152, h-index: 26)
J. of Cardiothoracic Trauma     Open Access  
J. of Cardiovascular Disease Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.351, h-index: 13)
J. of Cardiovascular Echography     Open Access   (SJR: 0.134, h-index: 2)
J. of Cleft Lip Palate and Craniofacial Anomalies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology     Open Access  
J. of Clinical Imaging Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.277, h-index: 8)
J. of Clinical Neonatology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Ophthalmology and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Clinical Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Conservative Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.532, h-index: 10)
J. of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.199, h-index: 9)
J. of Current Medical Research and Practice     Open Access  
J. of Current Research in Scientific Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Cytology     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.274, h-index: 9)
J. of Dental and Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Dental Implants     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Dental Lasers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Dental Research and Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Digestive Endoscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
J. of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
J. of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Education and Ethics in Dentistry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
J. of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.353, h-index: 14)
J. of Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
J. of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access  
J. of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 8)

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Journal Cover African Journal of Paediatric Surgery
  [SJR: 0.269]   [H-I: 10]   [7 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 0189-6725
   Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [356 journals]
  • Experience with neonatal hydrometrocolpos in the Niger Delta area of
           Nigeria: Upsurge or increased recognition?

    • Authors: Philemon Ekemenye Okoro, C Obiorah, CE Enyindah
      Pages: 161 - 165
      Abstract: Philemon Ekemenye Okoro, C Obiorah, CE Enyindah
      African Journal of Paediatric Surgery 2016 13(4):161-165
      Background: Hydrometrocolpos (HMC) is a clinical condition in which there is a cystic distension of the vagina (hydrocolpos), uterus and sometimes, fallopian tubes (hydrosalpinx) with fluid. This study described our experience with cases of HMC seen in our practice, and highlighted the flare in our practice. Patients and Methods: A retrospective study of cases of HMC managed at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital between September 2010 and August 2012. Results: There were seven cases; their ages ranged from 2 to 27 days (median 13 days). All the patients had abdominal distension but abdominal mass was obvious only in four. Other features varied depending on the presence of sepsis or other associated anomalies. The diagnosis of HMC was missed in all cases by the referring clinicians. One patient was referred with the diagnosis of tracheoesophageal fistula and esophageal atresia, 2 with bladder outlet obstruction, 1 with intestinal obstruction, 2 with anorectal malformation, and 1 with neonatal sepsis. Ultrasound identified bulky uterus in two cases and upper urinary tract dilatation in 3 patients. Six patients had laparotomy, 1 had hymenotomy only. Postoperative complications were basically wound sepsis and rectovaginal fistula resulted. Conclusion: Diagnosis of HMC should be considered as a differential in newborn girls presenting with lower abdominal mass. Attention to clinical detail is necessary to avoid a misdiagnosis.
      Citation: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery 2016 13(4):161-165
      PubDate: Thu,24 Nov 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0189-6725.194666
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Childhood intussusception: Impact of delay in presentation in a developing
           country

    • Authors: Olakayode Olaolu Ogundoyin, Dare Isaac Olulana, Taiwo Akeem Lawal
      Pages: 166 - 169
      Abstract: Olakayode Olaolu Ogundoyin, Dare Isaac Olulana, Taiwo Akeem Lawal
      African Journal of Paediatric Surgery 2016 13(4):166-169
      Background: The classical cases of intussusception are readily diagnosed clinically, and despite recent improvements in radiological techniques, the diagnosis of intussusception and success in its nonoperative reduction has been suboptimal, thus making operative management a veritable backup. This study examined the impact of delays in presentation on the rate of bowel resection, length of hospital stay, and appraised the outcome of operative treatment. Patients and Methods: This was a retrospective study of consecutive children admitted and treated surgically for intussusception between January 2002 and December 2011 at the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. Results: The mean age at presentation was 13.4 months with a male: female ratio of 1.8:1. Fourteen patients (25.5%) presented within the first 24 h of onset of symptoms with majority (36.4%) presenting between 2 and 3 days of onset of symptoms. The primary surgical intervention was performed on 47 patients (85.5%), and the secondary operative intervention was performed on eight patients (14.5%) who had failed initial nonoperative management of intussusception. Manual reduction of intussusception was performed on 27 patients (49.1%), 26 patients had resection of gangrenous bowel with end-to-end anastomosis while two patients (3.6%) had spontaneous reduction of intussusception which was discovered at laparotomy. The mean duration of hospital stay was 12.1 days (range 3–60 days). The overall mortality was 5.5% (three patients), and three patients (5.5%) had recurrence of intussusception. Conclusion: Although mortality is reducing, a high rate of bowel resection is a consequence of delayed presentation and effort should be made to make an early diagnosis of intussusception and make prompt referral to improve outcome.
      Citation: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery 2016 13(4):166-169
      PubDate: Thu,24 Nov 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0189-6725.194665
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Meckel's diverticulum in children: Our 12-year experience

    • Authors: Kamal Nain Rattan, Jasbir Singh, Poonam Dalal, Ananta Rattan
      Pages: 170 - 174
      Abstract: Kamal Nain Rattan, Jasbir Singh, Poonam Dalal, Ananta Rattan
      African Journal of Paediatric Surgery 2016 13(4):170-174
      Background: Meckel's diverticulum (MD) is the one of the most common congenital malformation of gastrointestinal tract and has varied clinical presentations. We are presenting here our 12-year experiences with MD in children at tertiary care hospital in North India. It highlights the fact that isolated gangrene of MD can occur, and it is associated with increased morbidity. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study is conducted by analysing the medical records of the patients who were operated for MD in the last 12 years in paediatric surgery department at our hospital. Results: Sixty-five patients were operated for MD in study period; in this 52 were males and 13 were females with mean age of presentation 3.2 years. The most common presentation was intestinal obstruction seen in 86.1% (56 cases). Intestinal haemorrhage was seen in 4.6% (3 cases) and diverticulitis in 3% (2 cases). Perforation of the gut with peritonitis was present in 6.1% (four cases). Cause of obstruction was intussusception in 21.4% (12 cases), fibrous band connected to umbilicus in 17.8% (10 cases), volvulus in 17.8% (10 cases), kinking in 16.0% (9 cases), knotting in 14.2% (8 cases) and herniation of gut below in 12.5% (7 cases). Isolated gangrene of MD was present in ten cases with intestinal obstruction. The ectopic gastric mucosa was seen in three and pancreatic mucosa in two cases. Mortality and morbidity during the study were one and three cases, respectively. Conclusion: MD may remain clinically silent for lifetime, or it may have life-threatening complications. In our series, intestinal obstruction and not the haemorrhage was the most common presentation. Isolated gangrene of MD with obstruction was present in significant numbers, which we failed to find in literature.
      Citation: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery 2016 13(4):170-174
      PubDate: Thu,24 Nov 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0189-6725.194671
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Typhoid perforation: Post-operative Intensive Care Unit care and outcome

    • Authors: Mukaila Oyegbade Akinwale, Arinola A Sanusi, Oluwaseun K Adebayo
      Pages: 175 - 180
      Abstract: Mukaila Oyegbade Akinwale, Arinola A Sanusi, Oluwaseun K Adebayo
      African Journal of Paediatric Surgery 2016 13(4):175-180
      Background: Typhoid perforation ileitis is a serious complication of typhoid fever, a common and unfortunate health problem in a resource-poor country like Nigeria. Following bowel perforation, treatment is usually by simple closure or bowel resection and anastomosis after adequate aggressive fluid resuscitation and electrolyte correction. Postoperatively, some of these patients do require management in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) on account of sepsis or septic shock and to improve survival. Patients and Methods: This is a prospective observational study in which 67 consecutive patients who had exploratory laparotomy for typhoid perforation between August 2009 and October 2012 in the main operating theatre of the University College Hospital, Ibadan, were studied. The attending anaesthetists had the freedom of choosing the appropriate anaesthetic drugs depending on the patients' clinical condition. The reason for admission into the ICU, the types of organ support required and outcomes were recorded. Results: Twenty-five patients (37.3%) out of 67 required critical care. Reasons for admission among others included poor respiratory effort, hypotension, septic shock and delayed recovery from anaesthesia. Twenty-one patients (84%) required mechanical ventilation with a mean duration of 2.14 days (range 1–5 days). Fourteen patients required ionotropic support and the length of ICU stay ranged from 1 to 15 days (mean 4.32 days). Nineteen patients (76%) were successfully managed and discharged to the ward while 24% (6 patients) mortality rate was recorded. Conclusion: This study showed high rate of post-operative ICU admission in patients with typhoid perforation with a high demand for critical care involving mechanical ventilation and ionotropic support. In centres that manage patients presenting with typhoid ileitis and perforation, post-operative critical care should be available.
      Citation: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery 2016 13(4):175-180
      PubDate: Thu,24 Nov 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0189-6725.194664
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Evaluation of the use of laparoscopic-guided cholecystocholangiography and
           liver biopsy in definitive diagnosis of neonatal cholestatic jaundice

    • Authors: Khalid Shreef, Abdullah Alhelal
      Pages: 181 - 184
      Abstract: Khalid Shreef, Abdullah Alhelal
      African Journal of Paediatric Surgery 2016 13(4):181-184
      Background: Once it is established that a jaundiced infant has direct hyperbilirubinemia, the principal diagnostic concern is to differentiate hepatocellular from obstructive cholestasis. Traditional tests such as ultrasonography, percutaneous liver biopsy and technetium 99 m hepatobiliary iminodiacetic acid (HIDA) scan are often not sufficiently discriminating. Definitive exclusion of biliary atresia (BA) in the infant with cholestatic jaundice usually requires mini-laparotomy and intra-operative cholangiography. This approach has many drawbacks because those sick infants are subjected to a time-consuming procedure with the probability of negative surgical exploration. Aim of the Study: The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of laparoscopic-guided cholecystocholangiography (LGCC) and its accuracy and safety in the diagnosis of BA and thus preventing unnecessary laparotomy in infants whose cholestasis is caused by diseases other than BA. Patients and Methods: Twelve cholestatic infants with direct hyperbilirubinemia subjected to LGCC (age, 7–98 days; mean, 56 days) after ultrasound scan and (99 mTc) HIDA scan and percutaneous liver biopsy failed to provide the definitive diagnosis. Results: One patient had completely absent gall bladder (GB) so the laparoscopic procedure was terminated and laparotomy was done (Kasai operation). Four patients had small size GB; they underwent LGCC that showed patent common bile duct with atresia of common hepatic duct, so laparotomy and Kasai operation was performed. Seven patients had well-developed GB, LGCC revealed patent biliary tree, so laparoscopic liver biopsies were taken for histopathology. Five of those patients had neonatal hepatitis, and two had cholestasis as a complication of prolonged TPN. No perioperative complications or mortalities were recorded. Conclusion: When the diagnosis neonatal cholestasis remains elusive after traditional investigations, LGCC is an accurate and simple method for differentiating BA from hepatocellular causes.
      Citation: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery 2016 13(4):181-184
      PubDate: Thu,24 Nov 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0189-6725.194667
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Outcome of primary closure of abdominal wounds following laparotomy for
           peritonitis in children

    • Authors: Stephen Akau Kache, Philip M Mshelbwala, Emmanuel A Ameh
      Pages: 185 - 188
      Abstract: Stephen Akau Kache, Philip M Mshelbwala, Emmanuel A Ameh
      African Journal of Paediatric Surgery 2016 13(4):185-188
      Background: Primary wound closure following laparotomy for peritonitis is generally believed to be associated with wound complications and long hospital stay. Open wound management has long been the most common practice after laparotomy for peritonitis. Primary closure (PC), however, has recently been advocated to reduce cost and morbidity. This study determined the incidence and severity of wound complications and their impact on hospital stay and overall outcome when PC of abdominal wounds is done following laparotomy for peritonitis. Patients and Methods: A prospective review of patients who had PC of abdominal wounds following laparotomy for peritonitis over a 6-year period. Results: Fifty-six children were analysed (35 boys and 21 girls), aged 11 months to 13 years (median: 8 years). The indication for laparotomy was typhoid intestinal perforation 47 (83.9%), perforated appendicitis 4 (7.1%), complicated cholecystitis 3 (5.3%) and penetrating abdominal injury with bowel perforation and intestinal obstruction with bowel perforation, 1 (1.8%) each, respectively. Postoperatively, 34 patients had wound complications. Nine patients (16.1%) had superficial wound infection alone, 12 (21.4%) had superficial wound infection with partial wound dehiscence, 6 (10.7%) had deep wound infection, 7 (12.5%) had deep wound infection with complete wound dehiscence, whereas 22 (39.3%) had no wound complication. Overall, wound complications in 13 (23.2%) patients were considered to be severe, but none resulted in mortality. Hospital stay in patients who developed wound complications was 8–37 days (median: 25 days) and 6–22 days (median: 10 days) in patients who had no wound complications (P = 0.02). Conclusion: The rate of wound complications following PC of dirty abdominal wounds remain but PC is safe and gives good healing outcomes.
      Citation: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery 2016 13(4):185-188
      PubDate: Thu,24 Nov 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0189-6725.194669
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Non-laparoscopic minimal surgical approach to pyloromyotomy: An experience
           from a challenged resource setting

    • Authors: Ossama M Zakaria
      Pages: 189 - 192
      Abstract: Ossama M Zakaria
      African Journal of Paediatric Surgery 2016 13(4):189-192
      Background: The aim of the study is to review the experience with the classic Ramstedt's pyloromyotomy through the RUQ approach and the circumlinear supraumbilical fold approach (circumumbilical [CU]) pyloromyotomy (an approach that combines the ease and safety of the open pyloromyotomy with the advantages of minimal invasiveness). Patients and Methods: A single centre review in a period of 12 years from January 2001 to December 2013 with the institutional ethical committee's approval, evaluating 316 pyloromyotomies based on surgical approach: RUQ (171); and CU (145). Patients' demographics, acid-base/electrolyte status on presentation, mean operative time (MOT), postoperative length of stay (LOS) at hospital, and complications were recorded. Results: Patients demographics, acid − base/electrolyte status on presentation; and MOT were not significantly different. The median LOS was 33 and 30 minutes for CU and RUQ, respectively, with no statistical significant difference between the two groups. One patient in the CU group had a late adhesive bowel obstruction requiring laparotomy and bowel resection. Moreover, wound infection rates did not differ significantly between the two groups (CU 3; and RUQ; 3; P = 0.15). Conclusions: Pyloromyotomy is associated with a low complication rate. Cosmetically, CU is superior to the RUQ approach. Its short learning curve and the feasibility to examine the integrity of the duodenal mucosa intraoperatively may make CU a safer alternative in case of surgeons who are still practicing the RUQ approach in countries with a challenged resource settings.
      Citation: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery 2016 13(4):189-192
      PubDate: Thu,24 Nov 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0189-6725.194672
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Our experience of proximal hypospadias repair using the
           Cloutier–Bracka technique at the Gynaeco-Obstetric and Paediatric
           Hospital, Yaounde-Cameroon

    • Authors: Mouafo Tambo Faustin Felicien, AS Nwaha Makon, C Kamadjou, G Fossi, C Le Coultre, OG Andze, MA Sosso, PY Mure
      Pages: 193 - 195
      Abstract: Mouafo Tambo Faustin Felicien, AS Nwaha Makon, C Kamadjou, G Fossi, C Le Coultre, OG Andze, MA Sosso, PY Mure
      African Journal of Paediatric Surgery 2016 13(4):193-195
      Background: In parts of Africa, routine circumcision is practised and sometimes even on children with hypospadias. The lack of preputial foreskin renders urethroplasty more difficult and often requires to use of a mucosal graft as described by Bracka. Objective: The authors describe their experience of hypospadias repair using Bracka's technique. Materials and Methods: Over a period of 5 years, 100 cases of proximal hypospadias were operated in our institution. All patients aged 0–18 years who had already been circumcised were included in this study. Results: The outcome of the 12 cases operated according to Bracka's technique was analysed. The mean age was 11.5 years. The ectopic meatus was penoscrotal in three cases, scrotal in one case and perineal in eight cases. After reconstruction, the new meatus was sutured at the top of the glans in one case, at the prepuce in seven cases and at the penile midshaft in one case. The main complications noted were surgical site infection, wound dehiscence, residual chordee and urethrocutaneous fistula. No neourethral stenosis nor uretrocele was recorded. Discussion: The buccal mucosal graft urethroplasty as described by Bracka is associated with a lower risk of meatal strictures compared to other free mucosal grafts. The buccal mucosa is easier to harvest and causes less scarring than bladder mucosa. Conclusion: Repair of severe hypospadias remains a challenge for paediatric surgeons. The functional and cosmetic outcomes depend on the choice of the donor site for the graft and objective assessment of successful reconstruction criteria during follow-up.
      Citation: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery 2016 13(4):193-195
      PubDate: Thu,24 Nov 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0189-6725.194673
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Impact of umbilical polyp resection: A report and literature review

    • Authors: Hisayuki Miyagi, Shohei Honda, Masashi Minato, Tadao Okada, Kanako C Hatanaka, Akinobu Taketomi
      Pages: 196 - 198
      Abstract: Hisayuki Miyagi, Shohei Honda, Masashi Minato, Tadao Okada, Kanako C Hatanaka, Akinobu Taketomi
      African Journal of Paediatric Surgery 2016 13(4):196-198
      The preferred treatment for this lesion should be the total resection of the umbilical polyp with a mini-laparotomy because residual intestinal mucosa at the umbilicus can be confirmed to eliminate the risk of recurrence.
      Citation: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery 2016 13(4):196-198
      PubDate: Thu,24 Nov 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0189-6725.194677
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Acute neonatal parotid abscess: A rare case report

    • Authors: Shreesh Kolekar, Tejas S Chincholi, Ashok Kshirsagar, Narendra Porwal
      Pages: 199 - 201
      Abstract: Shreesh Kolekar, Tejas S Chincholi, Ashok Kshirsagar, Narendra Porwal
      African Journal of Paediatric Surgery 2016 13(4):199-201
      Acute suppurative parotitis is uncommon in children and is very rare in neonates. Most common organism isolated is Staphylococcus aureus. We present a 15-day-old full-term breast-fed female neonate with left-sided acute parotid abscess. The baby presented with a left preauricular swelling, pain and redness. Pus was exuded from left Stensen's duct on compression of the gland externally. Early diagnosis and proper intravenous antibiotics are the keys to the treatment.
      Citation: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery 2016 13(4):199-201
      PubDate: Thu,24 Nov 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0189-6725.194675
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Simultaneous occurrence of intussusception and duodenal haematoma in a
           patient with Glanzmann's thrombasthenia

    • Authors: Iftikhar Ahmad Jan, Saif Khalfan AlKaabi, Awadh AlMughadam, D Sreenivas Murthy, Basmah AlHamoudi
      Pages: 202 - 205
      Abstract: Iftikhar Ahmad Jan, Saif Khalfan AlKaabi, Awadh AlMughadam, D Sreenivas Murthy, Basmah AlHamoudi
      African Journal of Paediatric Surgery 2016 13(4):202-205
      Glanzmann's thrombasthenia (GT) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder in which the platelets have anomalies of fibrinogen receptors causing bleeding tendencies. The disease usually presents with mucosal bleeding, petechial haemorrhages or gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. Only sporadic cases of intussusception or duodenal haematoma have been reported with GT. We present a case of 5-year-old girl admitted with non-bilious vomiting, watery diarrhoea and abdominal pain. She is a known patient of Glanzmann's thrombasthenia.
      Citation: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery 2016 13(4):202-205
      PubDate: Thu,24 Nov 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0189-6725.194676
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Appendicular bilharzioma: An unusual cause of acute intestinal obstruction
           in childhood (a case report at Charles de Gaulle Paediatric Teaching
           Hospital of Ouagadougou)

    • Authors: Albert Wandaogo, Isso Ouédraogo, Toussaint Wendlamita Tapsoba, Emile Bandré, Francis Somkieta Ouédraogo, Bernadette Béré, Balima Elie
      Pages: 206 - 208
      Abstract: Albert Wandaogo, Isso Ouédraogo, Toussaint Wendlamita Tapsoba, Emile Bandré, Francis Somkieta Ouédraogo, Bernadette Béré, Balima Elie
      African Journal of Paediatric Surgery 2016 13(4):206-208
      The authors report the case of a 12-year-old boy admitted to the surgical emergency department of Charles de Gaulle Paediatric Teaching Hospital of Ouagadougou for acute abdominal pain. A strangulation of the terminal ileum by a tumour-like appendix wound around the bowel loop was seen during operation. The histological examination of the removed appendix disclosed eggs of Schistosoma haematobium and concluded to bilharzian appendicitis. A course of praziquantel treatment was instituted, and the patient underwent an event-free recovery. Such cases report are infrequent, even in areas where bilharzia-related diseases are endemic. It is important to recognise them and to treat them in an aetiological manner so as to prevent any potential complications. The diagnosis is always an operatory and histological curiosity. Appendectomy and treatment with a course of praziquantel seem quite suitable for this situation.
      Citation: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery 2016 13(4):206-208
      PubDate: Thu,24 Nov 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0189-6725.194668
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Thoracic heteropagus conjoined twins associated to an omphalocele: Report
           of a case and complete review of the literature

    • Authors: Kotti Ahmed, Ben Dhaou Mahdi, Zitouni Hayet, Louati Hamdi, Jallouli Mohamed, Mhiri Riadh
      Pages: 209 - 212
      Abstract: Kotti Ahmed, Ben Dhaou Mahdi, Zitouni Hayet, Louati Hamdi, Jallouli Mohamed, Mhiri Riadh
      African Journal of Paediatric Surgery 2016 13(4):209-212
      Heteropagus twins are an extremely rare event with an incidence of 1–2 million live births that represents, sometimes, a real challenge for paediatric surgeons. The majority of cases have complete or partial duplication of the pelvis and/or lower extremities. Thoracic heteropagus conjoined twins is a rare condition in which a grossly defective foetus (the parasite) is attached to the thorax of the main foetus (the autosite). We describe a case of a parasitic heteropagus attached at the chest wall with a rare presentation of giant exomphalos on the autosite. In this situation, the separation procedure was simple after a well-done anatomic study using X-ray, ultrasonography, magnetic resonance and echocardiogram are performed.
      Citation: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery 2016 13(4):209-212
      PubDate: Thu,24 Nov 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0189-6725.194670
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Unusual presentations of child abuse: A report of two cases and the role
           of imaging

    • Authors: Olubukola Titilayo Abeni Omidiji, Omolola Mojisola Atalabi, Ogbeide Ejeordamen Evbuomwan, Francis Ikechukwu Okwuegbuna, Olugbenga Oluseyi
      Pages: 213 - 216
      Abstract: Olubukola Titilayo Abeni Omidiji, Omolola Mojisola Atalabi, Ogbeide Ejeordamen Evbuomwan, Francis Ikechukwu Okwuegbuna, Olugbenga Oluseyi
      African Journal of Paediatric Surgery 2016 13(4):213-216
      Insufficient attention has been paid to child abuse in Nigeria, where corporal punishment is still acceptable both at home and in the wider public including schools. This is notlimited to the parents; these punitive measures can also be undertaken by the extended family, caregivers, and neighbors. Mild to extreme force is allowed particularly when the crime involves tarnishing the family image. We hereby report two cases of extreme discipline that can be termed as a form of child abuse to draw the attention of clinicians and radiologists to other possible findings aside from those already reported in literature.
      Citation: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery 2016 13(4):213-216
      PubDate: Thu,24 Nov 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0189-6725.194678
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Neonatal neuroblastoma with adrenal primary and metastasis to the liver: A
           case report and a review of literature

    • Authors: Oladipo Omoseebi, Mosebolatan Olatokunboh Odubanjo, Olakanmi Ralph Akinde, Nzechukwu Z Ikeri, Adesoji O Ademuyiwa, Adekunle A.O. Adeyomoye
      Pages: 217 - 222
      Abstract: Oladipo Omoseebi, Mosebolatan Olatokunboh Odubanjo, Olakanmi Ralph Akinde, Nzechukwu Z Ikeri, Adesoji O Ademuyiwa, Adekunle A.O. Adeyomoye
      African Journal of Paediatric Surgery 2016 13(4):217-222
      We report the case of a 23-day-old neonate with neuroblastoma (NBL) in the right adrenal gland and widespread metastases to the liver. This raises the possibility of foetal NBL, which was missed during periodic ultrasonography done during the mother's pregnancy. We hope that this report would increase the awareness of physicians about foetal, congenital and neonatal NBL; and of sonographers about space-occupying lesions in the foetus. The clinicopathologic features and the management of neonatal NBL are discussed.
      Citation: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery 2016 13(4):217-222
      PubDate: Thu,24 Nov 2016
      DOI: 10.4103/0189-6725.194674
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 4 (2016)
       
 
 
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