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Journal Cover Economic Journal of Emerging Markets
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2086-3128 - ISSN (Online) 2502-180X
   Published by Universitas Islam Indonesia Homepage  [2 journals]
  • The economic aspects of chilli production in Central Java

    • Authors: Madhusudan Bhattarai, Joko Mariyono
      Pages: 85 - 97
      Abstract: This study analyses the economic aspects of chilli in Central Java where chilli is massively and intensively cultivated. Data for this study is compiled during 2009-2011 in three chilli producing districts: Brebes, Magelang and Rembang. Analyses is conducted using qualitative and quantitative approaches. The results indicate that many important findings related to economic aspects of chilli. There are various ranges of economic aspects across regions. The main findings is that chilli provided positive net returns, has relatively high economic risk and intensive use of chemicals. The policies related to improvement of chilli cultivation need to be formulated based on local specific constraints.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Financial constraints and Islamic finance: Lesson learned from external
           financing perspective

    • Authors: Achmad Tohirin, Mohd Adib Ismail
      Pages: 98 - 108
      Abstract: This study examines the presence of financial constraints and explores the role of profit-loss sharing (PLS) in mitigating the problem of the financial constraints stemmed from the capital market imperfections. Using Malaysian listed companies’ data, this study finds that the financial constraints are present in the capital market. This finding implies the imperfect capital market. In Islamic PLS framework, there are two options of financing contracts that may be enforced in the capital market as financing mechanisms, i.e. al-musharakah and al-mudharabah. These schemes promote sharing of information and mutual trust between financiers and ‘borrowers’. In these contracts, there are strict terms and conditions to be adhered to by both parties so that the contracts pursue to be valid. Besides, PLS mechanism may reduce the cost of capital since the profit and loss are shared rather than be burdened only on one shoulder. In this regard, the imperfect market problems namely asymmetric information, agency problem and transaction cost can be reduced if not be overcome.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Modeling the profitability of commercial banks in Indonesia

    • Authors: Tri Wulandari, Lukytawati Anggraeni, Trias Andati
      Pages: 109 - 119
      Abstract: This study examines the effect of lending on Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) on the profitability of commercial banks in Indonesia. The profitability is measured as Return-on-Assets (ROA) and Return-on-Equity (ROE). It covers the period of 2011 to 2014 using a panel data regression. It finds that MSME loans have a positive impact on ROE. Other internal factors that significantly influence the profitability of banks are MSME’s NPL (non performing loan), the operational efficiency ratio (OER) and loan-to-deposit ratio (LDR), while external factors that significantly influence the profitability of banks are inflation, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth and the Bank Indonesia (BI) rate. 
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Validity test of purchasing power parity doctrine: An Indonesian case
           study

    • Authors: Sahabudin Sidiq, Herawati Herawati
      Pages: 120 - 127
      Abstract: The goal of this study is to analyze the doctrine purchasing power parity (PPP) in Indonesia with the case study of the rupiah exchange rate to U.S. dollar. The autoregressive is used to estimate the relationship between the change of exchange rate and the difference Indonesia–USA inflation rate. The data used in this study are quarterly data obtained from the International Financial Statistics (IFS) and Bank Indonesia (BI) with the period 1997Q4-2013Q4. The exchange rate that used in this study is using the rate on rupiah to U S dollar. The price data used consumer price index in Indonesia and the United States with a base year of 2000. The results of this study show, that rupiah to the U.S. dollar is undervalued during the free floating exchange rate system and, the PPP doctrine to the case of the rupiah to the U.S. dollar is not valid in the period of this study.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Self-esteem, money attitude, credit card usage, and compulsive buying
           behaviour

    • Authors: Megawati Simanjuntak, Ambar Susan Rosifa
      Pages: 128 - 135
      Abstract: The study aims to analyze the impact of self-esteem, money attitude, and credit card usage behaviour on compulsive buying behaviour of working women. The study usescross sectional design with electronic survey methods (e-survey) involves 60 working women that use credit card. The Pearson correlation and multiple regression analysis are used as statistical tools. The result indicates that power prestige, anxiety, retention-time, and credit card usage behaviour significantly correlate to compulsive buying behaviour. Furthermore, compulsive buying behaviour is positively influenced by credit card usage behaviour. This paper suggests the Indonesian government to provide consumers education on aspects of financial planning and using credit card properly. 
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Fiscal decentralization effect on economic growth in Bali

    • Authors: Manggar Wulan Kusuma, Rudy Badrudin
      Pages: 136 - 147
      Abstract: This study aims to determine the effect of fiscal decentralization on economic growth mediated by financial performance in Bali Province. The source of data employed in this study was secondary data from the financial statement of local government in a counties/city in Bali in 2006 to 2014. The data analysis technique employed in this study was Partial Least Square (PLS). The results show that 1) fiscal decentralization was significantly influential on financial performance measured using the financial independence ratio of local government in Bali; 2) fiscal decentralization was significantly influential on financial performance measured using the ratio of conformity in Bali; 3) fiscal decentralization was significantly influential on economic growth in Bali; 4) financial performance measured using the financial independence ratio of local government had no significant effect on economic growth in Bali; and 5) financial performance measured using the ratio of conformity was significantly influential on economic growth in Bali.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Elasticity and competitiveness of Indonesia’s palm oil export in
           India market

    • Authors: Awan Setya Dewanta, Riza Noer Arfani, Erfita Erfita
      Pages: 148 - 158
      Abstract: This study examines the elasticity and competitiveness of Indonsia’s palm oil export in the India market, 1990 -2014. The methods used are Error Correction Model (ECM) and Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) approach. The results shows that the price is inelastic in short-term but it is elastic in long-term. The income and exchange rate are elastic in the long-term. There is also a decline in competitiveness in the market India. These findings also demonstrate that palm oil is normal goods and can be easily substituted with the same products of other countries or other vegetable oils. It threatens the Indonesian palm oil competitiveness in the Indian market.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • The individual decision-making process of refugees in Yogyakarta

    • Authors: Rory John Brown
      Pages: 159 - 170
      Abstract: The imminent situation faced by asylum seekers is a crucial factor in understanding their decision making process. This study has adopted Bronfenbrenner’s ecological model to map out the circumfix of influence affecting refugees in Yogyakarta. In particular, this study makes use of rational choice, social strain and migration theory to better understand individual choice. Through the scope of behavioural analysis, this study finds that asylum seekers arriving in Indonesia begin utilising legal avenues of refugee migration and resettlement to a third party state once their ecological setting became more stable. 
      PubDate: 2016-09-27
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Transaction cost of micro and small enterprises financing

    • Authors: Ghana Atma Sulistya, Darwanto Darwanto
      Pages: 171 - 186
      Abstract: High transaction costs become one of the obstacles for the micro and small enterprises (MSEs) to access financial loans to the bank. In order to minimize the transaction costs, group lending scheme become  alternative, so that both sides are pay lower transaction costs, and MSEs are able to improve their welfare. This study aims to analyze the credit process and transaction costs incurred on the model of individuals and groups lending and to compare the magnitude of transaction costs on both models. Mixed Method Analysis is used to analyze the component of transaction costs and the magnitude of the transaction cost on both models.These results indicate there are differences in transaction costs incurred on both schemes. In the amount of the transaction costs, the overall group scheme still allows for greater compared to individual schemes and dominated by the cost of the disbursement. Even so, the transaction cost per member group is much smaller than the individual schemes.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2016)
       
 
 
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