Journal Cover Economic Journal of Emerging Markets
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2086-3128 - ISSN (Online) 2502-180X
   Published by Universitas Islam Indonesia Homepage  [3 journals]
  • Efficiency and effectiveness of road infrastructure

    • Authors: Rokhedi Priyo Santoso, Annirahmah Annirahmah, Florischa Ayu Tresnatri
      Pages: 20 - 220
      Abstract: This study was to analyse the efficiency and effectiveness of provincial road infrastructure performance Yogyakarta Province. The indicators of the efficiency measurement are congestion level, road maintenance, rehabilitation and improvement and the cost. Using the data envelopment analysis method, there was an only one out of fourteen road segment that is fully efficient. On average the efficiency level was quite low that is 34.9 percent due to equally treated system by local government regardless its utilization level. Whereas the effectiveness of road performance is measured by the satisfaction level using indicator of value for time and money, comfort and convenience, safety aspect, travel amenities and road signs. The satisfaction level of road user toward performance of the most efficient road segment is relatively high that is 73.73%.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.20885/ejem.vol9.iss2.art10
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Pathway analysis of vegetable farming commercialization

    • Authors: Joko Mariyono, Apri Kuntaringsih, Hanik A. Dewi, Evi Latifah, Putu B. Daroini, Aria A. Negoro, Victor Afari-sefa, Greg Luther
      Pages: 115 - 124
      Abstract: High-valued vegetable farming can increase farmers’ income if the vegetables are cultivated in commercial manner. This paper analyzes factors that determine farmers’ intention to commercialize vegetable farming; and the effect of commercialization on farmers’ income. The study used structural equation model to estimate paths affecting farmers to engage commercial farming and its impact of commercial on households’ income. Household and farm characteristics, business environment, and market support were hypothesized to influence farmers to commercialize vegetable farming. Data for this study were compiled from a quantitative survey of 360 farm households located in four major vegetable producing regions of Eastern Indonesia. Results indicate that commercial vegetable farming provides economic advantage in terms of increased income. To encourage commercial vegetable farming, vegetable agribusiness terminal with all market infrastructures should be established in the potential vegetable producing regions of Indonesia.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.20885/ejem.vol9.iss2.art1
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Examining the impact of bank’s risks to Islamic banks’
           profitability

    • Authors: Priyonggo Suseno, Omar Bamahriz
      Pages: 125 - 137
      Abstract: This paper analyzes the impact of banks' risk to the profitability of Islamic banks and to identify what risks play the non-trivial role. To this objective, 75 Islamic banks in 24 countries in 2015 have been studied. A series of bank risks, industry-specific and macroeconomic indicators are combined to explain the profitability of Islamic banking as measured by Return on Average Assets (ROAA), Return on Average Equity (ROAE), and Value Added (VA). The bank risks comprise credit risk, insolvency risk, liquidity risk, and operational risk. Having used robust linear regressions, the results indicate that all four types of risk influence bank's profitability. Operational risk is the risk that plays the most important role in influencing banks' profitability, whether measured by ROAA, ROAE or profit before taxes over the total asset (PBTTA). On the other hand, credit risk, liquidity, and insolvency do not conclusively increase or decrease Islamic bank profitability. Macroeconomic conditions, measured by inflation, actually has a positive impact on the profitability of Islamic banks. This indicates that operational risks and macroeconomic stability should be given primary attention in increasing bank's profitability.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.20885/ejem.vol9.iss2.art2
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Measurement of the efficiency of monetary policy

    • Authors: Eka Purwanda, Siti Herni Rochana
      Pages: 138 - 149
      Abstract: Since 2000, monetary policy in Indonesia started to use Inflation Targeting Framework (ITF). To evaluate the performance of the monetary policy, it requires efficiency indicators. The measurement of the efficiency of monetary policy is based on inflation and output variations. This paper formulates a method for measuring the efficiency of monetary policy and applies it in Indonesia. It finds that since the implementation of ITF, the efficiency of monetary policy has not changed significantly. However, the efficiency of monetary policy tends to increase after the full implementation of the ITF framework after 2005 than in the transition period of 2000-2005.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.20885/ejem.vol9.iss2.art3
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Systemic risk, bank’s capital buffer, and leverage

    • Authors: Buddi Wibowo
      Pages: 150 - 158
      Abstract: This paper measures individual bank’s impact on banking systemic risk and examines the effect of individual bank’s capital buffer and leverage to bank’s systemic risk impact in Indonesia during 2010-2014. Using Merton’s distance-to-default to measure systemic risk, the study shows a significant negative relationship between bank’s capital buffer and systemic risk. High capital buffer tends to lowering bank’s impact on systemic risk. Bank’s leverage level also influences its contribution to systemic risk, even though the impact is much lower compared to that of capital buffer impact.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.20885/ejem.vol9.iss2.art4
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Determinants of income inequality

    • Authors: Akhsyim Afandi, Vebryna Permatasari Rantung, Hazem Marashdeh
      Pages: 159 - 171
      Abstract: This study examines whether changing economic structure, social conditions, and financialization are responsible for increased income inequality in Indonesia. By employing panel data of 32 provinces in Indonesia that spans from 2007 to 2013, it finds that structural change affects income inequality, increased share of finance reduces inequality, which is against the financialization hypothesis, and social conditions have expected effects on income inequality. While an increased share of both agriculture and service sectors tends to reduce inequality, an increased share of manufacture sector has no effect on inequality. This study finds that falling poverty increases inequality, implying that policy to reduce poverty might not be neutral for inequality and instead cannot prevent it from increasing. Since the higher the college participation rate the higher income inequality tends to be, it does not automatically imply that in order to reduce inequality we need to reduce the number of people who go to college. It might be the case that the college participation rate has not reached a turning point, below which its increase increases inequality, but beyond which its increases reduces inequality.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.20885/ejem.vol9.iss2.art5
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Trading system of food commodity

    • Authors: H. Harini, Yunastiti Purwaningsih, Emi Widiyanti, Malik Cahyadin
      Pages: 172 - 180
      Abstract: Most of food commodities in the Central Java are produced and traded in the local market. The aim of this research is to analyse internal and external factors determining trade of food commodities and analyse its trade model in Central Java. Research data consist of both primary and secondary that were analysed according to SWOT and Location Quotient (LQ) methods. The analysis of internal factors suggests that the availability and the quality of food commodities as well as the regulations related to traditional markets still need to be improved. The analysis of external factors proves that the local production is subject to be increased. Based on LQ results it shows that the agricultural sector in Central Java is highly specialised and has a strong base sector.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.20885/ejem.vol9.iss2.art6
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Effect of economic growth on income inequality, labor absorption, and
           welfare

    • Authors: Erni Panca Kurniasih
      Pages: 181 - 188
      Abstract: This research aims to analyze the effect of economic growth on income inequality, labor absorption and economic welfare in Indonesian provinces. A 165 observations of panel data was analyzed using path analysis. The result showed that the economic growth has significant negative effect on income inequality in Indonesian provinces but it has no significant effect on both labor absorption and economic welfare. The labor absorption has significant positive effect on income inequality even though it has no significant effect on economic welfare. In addition, the economic welfare is not significantly influenced by the income inequality.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.20885/ejem.vol9.iss2.art7
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • The impact of crime on foreign direct investment

    • Authors: Muhammad Mukhlis Afriyanto
      Pages: 189 - 198
      Abstract: This study examines the impact of crime incidence on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Indonesian provinces. This study uses panel data covering 31 provinces for the period 2005 to 2015. We involve Total Crime, Property Crime, Violence, Vandalism, Arson, Fraud, Homicides and Kidnapping as variable of crime. The results show that crime variables have significant impact on FDI. We find that for every increase in total crime incidence per 100,000 people by ten percent, FDI is expected to decrease by approximately 0.95 percent. The results of this study suggest that besides boosting economic growth, stimulating infrastructure development, and lowering the provincial minimum wages, government needs to pay attention to crime incidence in each province. Government should allocate adequate resources to minimize the crime rate.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.20885/ejem.vol9.iss2.art8
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Financial independence of regencies and cities in Central Java

    • Authors: Fafurida Fafurida, Erliz Nindi Pratiwi
      Pages: 199 - 209
      Abstract: This research aims to identify and to map the financial independence of the local government. This research uses ratio analysis to identify the financial independent analysis and typology to map the local government financial level. The research indicates that the financial independence tends to increase in all regions. Based on the financial independent analysis, Semarang and Tegal have lower financial dependence with the consultative relationship pattern rather than 33 other regions that have higher financial dependent level with the instructive relationship pattern. The mapping results of financial independence are in the following: ten cities or regencies have self-financial dependency below the average toward the central government, seven regencies have self-sufficient above the average toward the central government, and eighteen regencies have self-sufficient below the average toward the central government.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.20885/ejem.vol9.iss2.art9
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2017)
       
 
 
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