JournalTOCs is pleased to announce that the automated identification of Open Access (OA) articles from hybrid journals has started to work today
This is a highly important development in the efforts being made towards enabling systematic and easy identification of Open Access articles for aggregators, discovery services and A&I providers.
These first results are the product of collaboration between JournalTOCs and more than 10 established commercial forward thinking publishers.
Being able to systematically and consistently identify Open Access articles, regardless where they have been published, has a huge potential for the progress of Open Access and could play a vital role in the success of using the hybrid model to migrate subscription-based titles to full Open Access in a sustainable way for authors, readers, librarians and publishers.
The technology behind this new service is the simple and easy to use TOC RSS feeds. RSS feeds are also relatively easy to implement.
Example showing how an OA article from a hybrid journal is identified by JournalTOCs:
At this stage the OA articles are only identified as such by the OA logo and an orange background. As more publishers implement the <cc:license> and <dc:rights> standard elements in their RSS feeds, we will be able to provide information on the type of CC licence and the copyright holder for each OA article. The information will be obtained by combining the possible implementations of the <cc:license> and <dc:rights> elements:
JournalTOCs is continuing to grow. 24,000 Scholarly Journals are now included in the largest RSS-based alerting service for researchers
As a result of adding 1000 more journals since October 2013, the number of scholarly journals whose latest Tables of Contents (TOCs) are included in the JournalTOCS alerting service for researchers has passed the 24,000 major milestone.
Almost half of those 1000 additions come from Hybrid and Subscription-based journals whose RSS feeds have been reviewed and upgraded. The second half includes Open Access journals and a few of relatively new journals.
Of the 24,000 Tables of Content included in JournalTOCs, over 7,500 are Open Access and almost 5,000 journals have been identified as Hybrid journals. The rapidly growing number of Hybrid journals is likely to significantly increase as more publishers offer OA options in a percentage, or in some cases in all of their journals. For example, almost all the 140 journals of Maney & Son Ltd indexed by JournalTOCs are now Hybrid journals as they offer OA options to authors. Hybrid journals at JournalTOCs are identified by this icon .
Publishers, editors and readers are welcome to suggest journals to JournalTOCs, but quality of content is important, and JournalTOCs does not include journals that do not adhere to appropriate standards such as:
- The journal has been actively publishing new online issues in a regular basis in the last two years. Journals that have published fewer than two issues are not included in JournalTOCs.
- The journal has to publish professional, scientific or scholarly articles that have been peer-reviewed.
- The journal must have an editor, an editorial board and a peer-review system.
- The journal must publish TOC RSS feeds for its most recent issues.
LM created LibTOC thanks to a JournalTOCs Premium license, which gave LM full access to up-to-date information to the entire database of JournalTOCs as well as premium access to journal’s metadata daily updates. LM didn’t renew the license in July 2013 and as a consequence LibTOC lost access to up-to-date journal information.
The agreement between LM and JournalTOCs was intended to provide LM with privileged access to JournalTOCs database to power the LibNet system, which was launched by LM last year.
Almost every day, many journal titles are transferred between publishers, cease publication, have their URLs changed, new titles are published, etc. Using the JournalTOCs Premium API, services can keep track of those changes in a systematic and automated way. In particular JournalTOCs can identify when the URL for a journal TOC RSS feeds have been changed, removed or when new TOC RSS feeds are made available. Thus, through its customised APIs, JournalTOCs constantly is providing up-to-date information on journal metadata to other current awareness services. Per each journal, the information includes:
– subject classification
– RSS feeds URL
– homepage URL
– access rights
– e-ISSN and print-ISSN numbers
– number of followers at JournalTOCs
– last issue publication date
The University Library of Regensburg and JournalTOCs concluded the implementation of a collaboration agreement to include in the Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek (Electronic Journals Library (EZB)) journals information to enable their users to access to new journal TOCs from their EZB web pages. The new EZB service including the links from JournalTOC was launched on 5th December, 2013. The project mutually benefits both parties. In exchange of receiving free access to the JournalTOCs API, EZB helps with providing feedback and testing new features developed for the API.
Annually, many journal titles are transferred between publishers, cease publication, have their URLs changed, new titles are published, etc. JISC Collections estimated that over 3400 journal titles were transferred between publishers in the 2009-2011 period only. JournalTOCs is able to keep track of those changes in a systematic or automated way. In particular JournalTOCs can identify when the URL for a journal TOC RSS feeds have been changed, removed or when new TOC RSS feeds are made available. Thus, through its customised APIs, JournalTOCs constantly is providing up-to-date information on journal metadata to research libraries and service partners such as EZB.
EZB was founded in 1997 by the University Library of Regensburg, in Regensburg, Germany; with the aim of presenting e-journals content to library users in a clearly arranged one-stop user-interface and to create for the EZB member libraries and efficient administration tool for e-journal licences. Over 600 institutions from Germany are part of EZB, which is also used by subject libraries and information services. The EZB was a sponsored project by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, the Bavarian State and the German Research Foundation (DFG). Since 2010 all participant libraries pay a small fee to keep the service ongoing.
Prof. Rafael Ball, Director of the University Library Regensburg, said “We want to give our users more helpful data, so we would like to include the information of JournalTOCs. It would be possible e.g. to integrate the information of JournalTOCs with a symbol and a hint like ‘recent articles’ on the detail site of a journal in EZB. So our users would get the possibility to set a dynamic bookmark, if they want to; we hope to give them a new better benefit with this feature.”
JournalTOCs carries out systematic research into new types of integration of journal metadata, and develops new web services for enabling institutions to benefit from the metadata collected by JournalTOCs. The core aim of this research is to ensure that other services can provide their end-users with tailored access to the latest literature published in scholarly journals. JournalTOCs is currently involved with research projects and collaborations, it highly values working with members of the research community and welcomes future opportunities for collaboration particularly in the fields of:
- Metadata standards for systematic discovery of new research
- Integration of TOCs metadata within library services
- Identification and clustering of Open Access articles
You can get in touch with JournalTOCs at: firstname.lastname@example.org
OpenRefine (ex-Google Refine) is a powerful tool for working with big data, cleaning it, transforming it from one format into another, extending it with web services, and exploring large data sets with ease.
JournalTOC API is a RESTful web service that can provide access to the full dataset collected by the JournalTOCs Project since 2009. This dataset contains the metadata for over 22,000 journals and for more than two millions of articles published during that span of time.
Ted has used the RDF Refine extension for OpenRefine to link local data stored in VIVO as RDF with other sources on the Web. OpenRefine allowed him to query a reconciliation service to match local strings to entities from another source and the RDF Extension enabled him to export those entities as RDF.
Basically Ted wanted to interlink the metadata describing the work of university researchers with the venues in which their research is published. Because JournalTOCs is a good source of metadata about academic journals and articles, he used a demo reconciliation service developed by Michael Stephens as a model, and put together a basic reconciliation service for the JournalTOC data that queries the JournalTOC API and translates the response to the format that OpenRefine is expecting. This service can be run locally and OpenRefine will query it just fine. Ted has open sourced his code and it is available on Github and it looks like a good option for librarians and researchers working with similar data sets.
Developers can use the JournalTOCs API to embed JournalTOCs’ metadata and search functionality within their own web services. Anyone with access to RSS Readers can also benefit from the JournalTOCs API. Most of JournalTOCs API calls are free and only require a simple registration process. The API responses are returned in RSS 1.0 format, which then you can parse and use in your own web application, RSS reader or institutional web page. Further information on JournalTOCS API can be found here.
More Information on OpenRefine and JournalTOCs: