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Alerting OA accessibility using available bibliographic metadata standards

 
Alerting Open Access Availability

Forward thinking publishers have started to include in their Table of Contents (TOC) RSS feed metadata, elements that describe the copyright and access rights associated with an OA article. Being able to identify the accessibility of an article becomes even more important when the article has been published in a hybrid journal in which some articles are OA while the rest of the articles are available on an individual pay-per-view basis or journal subscription. The following is a sample of those publishers and the metadata elements that they are using to identify article’s copyrights and access rights:

  • Inderscience Publishers
    For subscription articles:
    <dc:rights>© 2013 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.</dc:rights>
    <cc:license></cc:license>

    For OA articles:
    <dc:rights>First Author [et al] (Open Access)</dc:rights>
    <cc:license rdf:resource=”http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/”/>

  • John Wiley and Sons
    For both OA and subscription articles:
    <dc:rights xmlns:dc=”http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/”/>
  • Wolters Kluwer – Lippincott Williams and Wilkins
    For both OA and subscription articles:
    <copyright><![CDATA[(C)2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.]]></copyright>

  • Biomed Central Ltd.
    All articles are OA. For all articles:
    <cc:license rdf:resource=”http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/” />
  • Hindawi Publishing Corporation
    All articles are OA. For all articles:
    <copyright>Copyright © 2013 First Author [et al.] All rights reserved.</copyright>
  • Libertas Academica
    For subscription articles:
    <cc:license></cc:license>

    For OA articles:
    <cc:license rdf:resource=”http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/”/>

  • ISRN International Scholarly Research Network
    All articles are OA. For all articles:
    <copyright>Copyright © 2013 First Author [et al.] All rights reserved.</copyright>
  • PeerJ
    All articles are OA. For all articles:
    <dc:rights>© 2013 First Author [et al.]</dc:rights>
    <terms:license>
        <terms:LicenseDocument rdf:about=”http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/”/>
    </terms:license>
    <prism:copyright>© 2013 First Author [et al.]</prism:copyright>
    <cc:license rdf:resource=”http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/”/>
    <cc:attributionURL rdf:resource=”[article URL]“/>
    <cc:attributionName> First Author [et al.]</cc:attributionName>

Some diversity can be seen in the implementation of the copyright and license elements. However, it is positive to notice that a pattern is emerging, where the dc:rights element is used to identify the copyrights holder for the article and cc:license to indicate the access rights for the article. JournalTOCs supports the use of dc:rights and cc:license that follow this pattern:

  • For Non-OA articles:
    <dc:rights>Copyright © [Publication Year] [Publisher_Name]</dc:rights>
    <cc:license></cc:license>
  • For OA articles:
    <dc:rights>Copyright © [Publication Year] First Author_Surname, First_Author_Initial [et al]</dc:rights> (if copyright is retained by the author)
    <cc:license rdf:resource=”[Selected_CC_License]“/>

These elements should be included in the journal RSS feeds and in any metadata that publishers expose for aggregators and discovery services. A&I, aggregators and discovery services will be able to identify an item as an OA article by checking that its dc:rights element contains the text “Open Access” and/or the cc:license element is pointing to a specific CC license.

JournalTOCs supports the use of standard metadata to identify OA content in particular from hybrid journals in which OA and subscription articles are published together. In that sense we advise publishers to use the dc:rights and cc:license elements as describe above. Publishers are welcome to contact JournalTOCs at journaltocs@hw.ac.uk for further information and guidance in the implementation of these two elements for their RSS feeds.

Written by santy

March 18th, 2013 at 4:17 pm